Infectious Diseases - Immunity

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  • Infectious Diseases: Immunity
  • White blood cells / response to infection
  • Immune memory
  • Vaccination
  • Monoclonal antibodies
  • Quiz

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Quiz - Immunity

1. Put the following statements about the immune response into the correct order. Drag and drop the statements where you think they should go:

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  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
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  • 6.
  • 7.
  • The newly made white blood cells produce antibodies
  • Antibodies attach to the antigens on the surface of the pathogen
  • A white blood cell (lymphocyte) recognises the foreign antigens on the pathogen's surface
  • The white blood cell multiplies
  • The pathogen has antigens on its surface. These signal that it is a foreign invader
  • Antibodies are released into the blood
  • A pathogen enters the body

2. Put the following statements about vaccination into the correct order. Drag and drop the statements where you think they should go:

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
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  • Antibodies and memory lymphocytes are produced.
  • Live pathogens are killed before any symptoms are detected.
  • Living pathogen enters the body (same type as in original vaccine).
  • A primary immune response is made.
  • Vaccine is given containing dead, or weakened pathogens.
  • Memory lymphocytes quickly produce large amount of antibodies.
  • Antibody production stops but the memory cells remain in the body.

3. Select the correct answer from the multi-choices. When you have answered all 10 questions you may check your answers by clicking the button below.


What is an antigen?


What are antibodies?


What is given to the body in a vaccination?


How does vaccination work?


When your immune system produces memory cells to a pathogen you get:


Why can't a vaccine be developed against the common cold?


What sort of cell is a lymphocyte?


What does the MMR vaccine protect against?


For which of the following infectious diseases is there currently no vaccine available?


What does a phagocyte do?

Medicine that acts against bacterial infections. Penicillin is an example of an antibiotic.
Protein that is produced by lymphocytes (white blood cells) and that attaches to a specific antigen.
Molecule on the surface of a pathogen that identifies it as a foreign invader to the immune system.
Single-celled organism. Has a cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm. Its DNA is loosely-coiled in the cytoplasm and there is no distinct nucleus.
The use of biological organisms or enzymes to create, break down or transform a material
To cut apart, or separate, tissue especially for anatomical study.
Exponential growth
If something is growing exponentially the larger the quantity gets, the faster it grows
Micro-organism that can grow in long tubes called hyphae or as single cells. Fungi have a nucleus, cytoplasm and a cell wall.
Herd immunity
If a high percentage of a population is immune to a disease the disease cannot be passed on because it cannot find new hosts.
Infection caused by the human immune deficiency virus (HIV). It attacks and destroys the immune system.
Hybridoma cells are formed by fusing a specific antibody-producing cell with a type of cancer cell that grows well in tissue culture
Immune system
The body's natural defence mechanism against infectious diseases.
A process which gives immune resistance to a particular disease. The human or animal is exposed to a harmless antigen in order to raise antibodies and provide an immune memory.
A type of white blood cell that make antibodies to fight off infections.
A type of white blood cell that consumes dead pathogens that have been killed by antibodies.
Organism that feeds off another living host and causes it some damage. An example of a parasite is a tapeworm that lives in the digestive system of a host organism.
A micro-organism that causes disease.
Phagocytes are the white blood cells that protect the body by ingesting harmful foreign particles, bacteria, and dead or dying cells.
A polymer made up of amino acids joined by peptide bonds. The amino acids present and the order in which they occur vary from one protein to another.
Protozoa are one-celled animals
A spore is a reproductive structure that is adapted for dispersal and surviving for extended periods of time in unfavourable conditions.
A poisonous or toxic substance - produced by pathogens.
A small amount of dead or weakened pathogen is introduced into the body. It prepares the immune system to prevent future infections with the live pathogen.
Medicine that contains a dead or weakened pathogen. It stimulates the immune system so that the vaccinated person has an immunity against that particular disease.
The smallest of living organisms. Viruses are made up of a ball of protein that contains a small amount of the virus DNA. They can only reproduce after they have infected a host cell.
HCG stands for human chorionic gonadotrophin it is a hormone produced by the developing embryo.